Watershed protection

Caring for water and water sources as we help people to get safe drinking water is our top priority. Preserving natural resources now and for future generations is at the heart of our mission.

Danone Ecosystem Fund : 'Rejoso Kita', Protecting Indonesia's Rejoso Watershed

Where does our water come from?

When rain or snow falls to earth, it spends years travelling deep into the ground through soil and rocks into a protected underground catchment area.


On its journey the water is naturally filtered for purity and gains a unique mineral composition and taste based on the type of soil and rocks in the area.


The water sources that give us natural mineral water or spring water are the points where this water comes out of the ground.


The areas around the sources (areas that are sometimes called an ‘impluvium’ or ‘watershed’) are protected from pollution or contamination in order to maintain the purity of the water.

How do we take care of the sources ?

We have a long history and unique expertise in managing water sources, working hard to protect and preserve watersheds and biodiversity where we operate all over the world.


Everything we do is in close collaboration and partnership with local communities, and other water providers and users (e.g. farmers, industry).


Our in-house team of hydrogeologists (experts who study how water interacts with its natural environment) develop water stewardship programs to help the sources to naturally renew.


Championing nature-based solutions like wetlands preservation and agroforestry around the sources brings positive outcomes like increased biodiversity, improvements in soil health, more opportunities for carbon capture and better livelihoods for local populations.


Our Sustainable Protection and Resource ManagING (SPRING) tool, developed in 2009 in collaboration with RAMSAR and IUCN, has been recognized by some local governments as best practice and a standard for optimal resource management. Two of our sources have been recognized as a Wetland of International Importance by the Ramsar Convention.

What about general water usage ?

We also work carefully to manage every drop of water we use – learn more about our protection of water cycles 

Brand examples



Since 1992 evian has worked through the APIEME – the Association for the Protection of evian Mineral Water Impluvium, which it co-founded with 13 municipalities around the catchment area – with mayors, farmers, and local associations to ensure a healthy biodiversity and preserve the evian natural resource. These initiatives support the sustainable economic development of the territory.


evian is continually investing in the water ecosystem and advancing scientific understanding of the management and protection of water resources. At the evian bottling site, there is a dedicated team of hydrogeologists to help ensure the underground water source is treated with respect and is regularly renewed. The Water Institute by evian was created to share knowledge and train future hydrogeologists.


In 2008 evian became the first natural mineral water to have its watershed area recognized as a Wetland of International Importance by the Ramsar Convention, partner of UNESCO.

Find out more : https://www.evian.com/en_int/our-sustainability-actions/source-protection#test




Volvic’s catchment area hosts unique ecosystems. In 2006 the Société des Eaux de Volvic co-created the Environmental Committee for the Protection of the Volvic Impluvium (CEPIV), a public-private partnership with four local communities of the catchment area that helps protect biodiversity. The mission of CEPIV focuses on three areas:


  • preserve the natural environment and biodiversity
  • develop environmentally friendly agricultural practices
  • promote the careful planning and management of villages, roads and railways


The CEPIV has partnerships with local NGOs and organizations, including the National Forest Office (ONF), the Conservatory of Natural Spaces of Auvergne (CENA), Beeodiversity and the French League for the Protection of Birds (LPO). The Auvergne Volcanoes Regional Park ecosystem keeps plants and species such as the Red Kite, Alcon Blue Butterfly and bees protected. In 2018 the Chaîne des Puys-Limagne Fault, where the Volvic impluvium is located, was recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Natural Site because of its unique geological profile.

Find out more :  https://www.volvic.com/source-protection




AQUA works on the RejosoKita pilot project with the long-term objective to ensure the protection of water (quantity and quality) across 62,000 hectares, by scaling reforestation and sustainable agriculture programs to help improve soil management, farming practices and land use.


With partners, we helped launch the Rejoso Kita movement, which sustainably manages and protects the Rejoso Watershed in Pasuruan and aims to prevent natural disasters caused by soil erosion. By working with local communities to encourage sustainable farming practices, we help to generate positive economic, social and environmental outcomes.


In December 2018 the Indonesian Ministry of Environment and Forestry named AQUA as an innovative company in developing watersheds not only for RejosoKita but also other initiatives on water conservation initiative that we implemented.

Find out more : https://aqualestari.aqua.co.id/en/pilar/page/pelestarian-air-dan-lingkungan




In Uruguay Salus protects the Salus Natural Park, an ecological reserve with valuable fauna and forest specimens. The reserve has more than 1,300 hectares and is part of the Wildlife Refuges, helping to protect the natural heritage of the country. It is home to 138 species of birds, 20 species of mammals, 13 species of reptiles and 7 species of amphibians. There are also 70 species of trees and shrubs.

Find out more : http://www.salus.com.uy/reservasalus/Home